Ratisbonne ; older English: Rengschburg or Rengschburch is a city in Bavaria regensburg Germanyat the confluence of the DanubeNaab and Regen rivers. With nearlyBavaria regensburg, Regensburg is the fourth-largest city in the State of Bavaria after MunichNuremberg and Augsburg.
The city is the politicaleconomic and cultural centre and capital of the Upper Palatinate. InRegensburg was among the top sights and travel attractions in Germany. The first settlements in Regensburg date from the Stone Age. The Celtic name Radasbona was the oldest given to a settlement near the present city.
Around AD 90, the Romans built a fort there. It is believed that as early as in late Roman times the city was the seat of a bishop, and St Boniface re-established the Bishopric of Regensburg in From the early 6th century, Regensburg was the seat of a ruling family known as the Agilolfings. From about Bavaria regensburg the first half of the 13th century, it Bavaria regensburg the capital of Bavaria. Regensburg remained an important city during the reign of Charlemagne. InRegensburg hosted the ecclesiastical section of Charlemagne's General Assembly, the bishops in council who condemned the heresy of adoptionism taught by their Spanish counterparts, Elipandus of Toledo and Bavaria regensburg of Urgel.
Swoon-worthy bavaria regensburg naked gallery
Two years later, fourteen Bohemian princes came to Regensburg to receive baptism there. This was the starting point of Christianization of the Czechsand the diocese of Regensburg became the mother diocese of that of Prague. These events had a Bavaria regensburg impact on the cultural history of the Czech lands, as they were consequently part of the Roman Catholic Bavaria regensburg not the Slavic-Orthodox world.
A memorial plate at St John's Church the alleged place of the baptism was unveiled a few years ago, commemorating the incident in the Czech and German languages. Inon the way to the First CrusadePeter the Hermit led a mob of crusaders Bavaria regensburg attempted to force the mass conversion of the Jews of Regensburg and killed all those who resisted.
Between andthe Stone Bridge across the Danube was built Bavaria regensburg Regensburg. This bridge opened major international trade routes between northern Europe and Veniceand this began Regensburg's golden age as a residence of wealthy trading families.
Regensburg became the cultural centre of southern Germany and was celebrated for its gold work and fabrics.
In Regensburg became a Free Imperial City and was a trade centre before the shifting of trade routes in the late Middle Ages. At the end of the 15th century inRegensburg became Bavaria regensburg of the Duchy of Bavariabut its independence was restored by the Holy Roman Emperor ten years later.
From tothe city was the permanent seat of the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, which became known as the Perpetual Diet of Regensburg. Thus, Regensburg was one of the central towns of Bavaria regensburg Empire, attracting visitors in large numbers. But the town of Regensburg must not be confused with the Bishopric of Regensburg.
Although the Imperial city had adopted the Reformation, the town remained the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop and several abbeys. Three of the latter, St. So there was the unique situation that the town of Regensburg comprised five independent "states" in terms of the Holy Roman Empire: In addition, it was seen as the traditional capital of the region Bavaria not the stateacted as functional co-capital of the Empire second to the Emperor's court at Vienna due to the presence of the Perpetual Diet, and it was residence of the Emperor's Commissary-Principal to the same diet, who with one very brief exception was a prince himself longstandingly Bavaria regensburg Prince Thurn and Taxisstill resident in the town.
In the city lost its status as Bavaria regensburg imperial city following its incorporation into Bavaria regensburg Principality of Regensburg. The Archbishopric of Mainz was formally transferred to Regensburg. Dalberg strictly modernized public life. Most importantly, he awarded equal rights to Protestants and Roman Catholics alike. Bavaria regensburg Dalberg ceded Regensburg to the Kingdom of Bavariahe himself being compensated by the award of Fulda and Hanau to him under the title of " Grand Duke of Frankfurt ".
Between April 19 and April 23,Regensburg was the scene of the Battle of Ratisbon between forces commanded by Henri Gatien Bertrand and Napoleon himself and the retreating Austrian forces. The city was eventually overrun, after supplies and Bavaria regensburg ran out. The city suffered severe damage during the fight, with about houses being burnt Bavaria regensburg others being looted. Robert Browning 's poem " Incident at the French Camp " describes the battle from the French perspective, but is filled with historical errors.
The Regensburg Synagogue was destroyed on November 9,during Bavaria regensburg. Regensburg was home to both a Messerschmitt Bf aircraft factory and an oil refinery, which were bombed by the Allies on August 17,by the Schweinfurt-Regensburg missionand on February 5,during the Oil Campaign of World War II. Although both targets were badly damaged, Regensburg itself suffered little damage from the Allied strategic bombing campaignand the nearly intact medieval city centre is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Also, Regensburg's slow economic recovery after the war ensured that historic buildings were not torn down, to be replaced by newer ones. When the upswing in restoration reached Regensburg in the late s, the prevailing mindset had turned in favour of preserving the city's heritage. At its peak in —, the workers' district of Ganghofersiedlung housed almost 5, Ukrainian and 1, non-Ukrainian refugees and displaced persons. With the approval of U.
In Regensburg, the camp postal service began operation on December 11, At the beginning of the s, Regensburg invested a lot in technical and social infrastructure to attract industry. Siemens was the first multinational company to come to Regensburg, a milestone in the city's development after World War II. The second multinational company, BMWcame in to build up a large production plant.
Since the s, several well-known hightech companies Bavaria regensburg been located in Regensburg, such as Infineon and OSRAM, contributing to the city's current wealth.
InRegensburg was awarded the Europe Bavaria regensburg for its outstanding achievements in european integration. It is the largest medieval old town north of the Alps and very well preserved, dubbing it "Italy's most northern city". Close to the Stone Bridge, the city of Regensburg established a World Heritage Centre in the historic Salzstadl inwhere detailed information on Regensburg's year-old history is given.
Regensburg is situated on the northernmost part of the Danube river at the geological crossroads of four distinct landscapes:. While the average temperature of 8. The average precipitation of millimetres For the newer period from the average temperature and precipitation rose up to 8. As this increase in the Bavaria regensburg temperature can also be seen in the other Bavaria regensburg, Regensburg still ranks fifth place shared with Ingolstadt and Kiel in the above mentioned ranking.
Bavaria regensburg warmest month of the year, on average, is July. The coolest month of the year, on average, is January. Regensburg includes the largest medieval old town north of the Alps with nearly 1, listed buildings and a picturesque cityscape. Its most famous sights are located mainly Bavaria regensburg the Old Town, such as:. Near Regensburg there are two very imposing Classical buildingserected by Ludwig I of Bavaria as national monuments to German patriotism and greatness: The abbey is situated on a peninsula in the Danube, on the so-called "Weltenburg Narrows" or the "Danube Gorge".
The monastery, founded by Irish or Scottish monks in aboutis held to be the oldest monastery in Bavaria. To the east of Regensburg lies the Bavarian Forest with its National Parkone of the most visited protected areas in Germany. Altogether Regensburg is home Bavaria regensburg 20 museums.
Among the most prominent museums are for instance the Regensburg Museum of History which Bavaria regensburg history, culture and arts of Regensburg and Eastern Bavaria from stone age to present.
Bavaria regensburg main attractions are an original torture chamber and the Reichssaal, the rooms occupied Bavaria regensburg the Imperial diet from to Over the last years, the city added several outdoor museums to its cultural landscape, the so-called document sites.
These give an overview on specific topics such as RomanJewish and Bavarian history. Besides, there are the diocese museums Bistumsmuseen of Regensburg and a branch of the Bavarian National Museum located in the St.
The Domschatzmuseum where church treasures, monstrances and tapestries are displayed is in St.